Aws api gateway vs spring boot


APIs are driving force behind many applications big and small. Whether your publishing a public API or building a new integrations marketplace, APIs are becoming the way business is done.

They are a type of proxy server that sits in front of your API and performs functionality such as authentication, rate limiting, routing publicly accessible endpoints to the appropriate microservice, load balancing across multiple internal services, among other things. Historically, the need for API gateways rose from integration challenges. API Gateways can provide a unified interface and link multiple legacy applications together.

These type of transformations are usually not automatic. Microservice Architecture is the strategy of building and deploying independent services to compose a larger application.

Pattern: API Gateway / Backends for Frontends

The pro and cons for microservice vs. From a high level, microservice architecture is becoming the way to build APIs. It enables multiple independent teams to work on a large application without stepping over each other or dealing with long deployment times. Beyond microservices, there are even smaller units of compute such as nanoservices and serverless computing.

Due to the complexity of managing hundreds or thousands of services and the requirements to provide a unified interface or contract to your clients, API gateways are becoming common place in architectures where microservice and serverless computing are used. Regardless if you are using microservices or serverless computing or your API is internally used or publicly accessible, there are many benefits to using API gateways:.

Besides the benefits listed above, there are additional benefits for companies who are building publicly accessible APIs for customers and partners. These days, its becoming far more critical for B2B companies to transition to platforms as customers and partners demand more customization and integrations.

What is Moesif? Is it a single node appliance or does the gateway require running many types of nodes to get going and setting up database?

Some gateways require multiple types of databases. What happens when you want to extend the gateway with additional functionality.

Are there plugins? If so, are the plugins open source? On-premise can add additional time to plan the deployment and maintain. However, cloud hosted solutions can add bit of latency due to the extra hop and can reduce availability of your service if the vendor goes down. Whereas others include the whole package including developer portals, security, and cold steel solutions mg42. If the gateway includes such features, are features like the developer portal have a good user experience and design or enable you to adjust the design to fit your needs.

Are developers building additional functionality on top of the gateway? Some of the API gateways have large developer communities building scripts, questions answered on Stack Overflow, etc. Even though Kong is open source, KongHQ provides maintenance and support licenses for large enterprise.

Microservice Architecture based on Spring Cloud Netflix

While basic features are had with the open-source version, certain features like the Admin UI, Security, and developer portal are available only with an enterprise license. Deployment: one of the biggest advantages of Kong is its wide range of installation options, with pre-made containers such as Docker and Vagrant so you can get a deployment running quickly.

Kong has moderate complexity when it comes to deployment.There's also live online events, interactive content, certification prep materials, and more. Now that you know how to build microservices, you could continue building more and more. However, as the number of microservices grows, the complexity for the client who is consuming these APIs also grows.

Real applications could have dozens or even hundreds of microservices. A simple process like buying a book from an online store like Amazon can cause a client your web browser or your mobile app to use several other microservices. A client that has direct access to the microservice would have to locate and invoke them and handle any failures they caused itself. So, usually a better approach is to hide those services behind a new service layer.

This aggregator service layer is known as an API gateway. Another advantage of using an API gateway is that you can add cross-cutting concerns like authorization and data transformation in this layer. Services that use non-internet-friendly protocols can also benefit from the usage of an API gateway.

If you wrongly decided to take that approach, it would act just like a monolithic bus, violating microservice independence by coupling all the microservices.

Adding business logic to an API gateway is a mistake and should be avoided. Apache Camel is an open source integration framework that is well suited to implementing API gateways. Each enterprise integration pattern EIP describes a solution for a common design problem that occurs repeatedly in many integration projects. The book documents 65 EIPs, taking a technology-agnostic approach.

Apache Camel is very powerful, yet very simple to use. This makes it an ideal choice for creating the API gateway for our microservices. Apache Camel can be executed as a standalone application or be embedded in a existing application. Camel applications can be created by declaring the Maven dependencies in an existing application, or by using an existing Maven Archetype.

Since we already showed how to use the Spring CLI to create the hello-springboot application, this time we will use the Maven Archetype approach. The following command will create the Spring Boot application with Camel in a directory named api-gateway :. When we deploy our microservices in a Kubernetes cluster in the next chapter, the only microservice that will be exposed to the outside world will be this API gateway.

The API gateway will call hello-springboot and hello-microprofilewhich will call the backend. Figure shows the overall architecture of our microservices and their interaction. Before we start modifying our code, we need to declare the dependencies that we will use to connect to our microservices using the HttpClient v4 library, the servlet to register the REST endpoints, and the JSON library to marshal the result.

Open up the pom. Later, Camel will look for every Spring Bean that extends the class RouteBuilder to be used to configure the Camel routes using the method configure.

The from "directI think deciding if Spring Boot is worth using is not black or white. You always have to put measurement results into perspective. The Java function is going to be the simplest ever. This can speed up the startup time of the lambda function especially if you have a lot of components. Nothing special, same local 79 wages 2019 as for the plain Java version with the addition of the Spring annotations.

AWS was kind enough to prepare a package that does exactly that for Spring Boot 2 called aws-serverless-java-container-springboot2.

Going back to coding. Using a static variable for storing the reference to the built-up Spring context. From a practical standpoint, it means that when the lambda function receives its first invocation, the Spring context will be built-up, and subsequent invocations for that particular lambda instance will use the already built-up context until the lambda environment is killed by AWS. That was the coding part.

The script will deploy 2 CloudFormation stacks respectively and print out the public API Gateway endpoints that can be invoked, like this:. Here are the results:. Let me summarize the chart. When the lambda is invoked the first time — cold start — for a relatively small packaged Java function takes around ms to respond. When the same happens to a Spring Boot lambda, it takes around ms to respond.

This can be scary but as soon as the first startup and the context initialization is done for the Spring Boot lambda, it almost achieves the same performance as the plain Java lambda. It responds in around 25ms while the other version does the same in 20ms. As always, choosing the technology for a particular use-case is a trade-off, and shall be evaluated based on pros and cons.

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Out of these, the cookies that are categorized as necessary are stored on your browser as they are essential for the working of basic functionalities of the website.Updated in December Welcome to Bite-sized Kubernetes learning — a regular column on the most interesting questions that we see online and during our workshops answered by a Kubernetes expert. Today's answers are curated by Daniele Polencic. Daniele is an instructor and software engineer at Learnk8s.

If you wish to have your question featured on the next episode, please get in touch via email or you can tweet us at learnk8s.

Did you miss the previous episodes? You can find them here. TL;DR: yes, you can. Have a look at the KongAmbassador and Gloo Ingress controllers. You can also use service meshes such as Istio API gateways, but you should be careful. In Kubernetes, an Ingress is a component that routes the traffic from outside the cluster to your services and Pods inside the cluster.

In simple terms, the Ingress works as a reverse proxy or a load balancer: all external traffic is routed to the Ingress and then is routed to the other components.

2. Integration With AWS Lambda, IAM and AWS Services

While the most popular ingress is the ingress-nginx projectthere are several other options when it comes to selecting and using an Ingress. There are also other hybrid Ingress controllers that can integrate with existing cloud providers such as Zalando's Skipper Ingress. When it comes to API gateways in Kubernetes, there are a few popular choices to select from. Kong is an API gateway built on top of Nginx.

Kong is focused on API management and offers features such as authentication, rate limiting, retries, circuit breakers and more. What's interesting about Kong is that it comes packaged as a Kubernetes Ingress. So it could be used in your cluster as a gateway between your users and your backend services. You can expose your API to external traffic with the standard Ingress object:. If you wish to limit the requests to your Ingress by IP address, you can create a definition for the limit with:.

And you can reference the limit with an annotation in your ingress with:. The Ambassador Ingress is a modern take on Kubernetes Ingress controllers, which offers robust protocol support as well as rate-limiting, an authentication API and observability integrations. The main difference between Ambassador and Kong is that Ambassador is built for Kubernetes and integrates nicely with it. Kong was open-sourced in when the Kubernetes ingress controllers weren't so advanced. Even if Ambassador is designed with Kubernetes in mind, it doesn't leverage the familiar Kubernetes Ingress.

Instead, services are exposed to the outside world using annotations:. The novel approach is convenient because, in a single place, you can define all the routing for your Deployments and Pods.

However, having YAML as free text within an annotation could lead to errors and confusion. If you wish to apply rate-limiting to your API, this is what it looks like in Ambassador. Ambassador has an excellent tutorial about rate limiting, so if you are interested in using that feature, you can head over to Ambassador's official documentation.

You can extend Ambassador with custom filters for routingbut it doesn't offer a vibrant plugin ecosystem as Kong. It is capable of providing rate limiting, circuit breaking, retries, caching, external authentication and authorisation, transformation, service-mesh integration and security. The selling point for Gloo is that it is capable of auto-discovering API endpoints for your application and automatically understands arguments and parameters.

It might be hard to believe and sometimes their documentation doesn't help eitherso here's an example. If you list all the endpoint served by Gloo after the discovery phase, this is what you see:. Once Gloo has a list of endpoints, you can use that list to apply transformations to the incoming requests before they reach the backend. As an example, you may want to collect all the headers from the incoming requests and add them to the JSON payload before the request reaches the app.

Being able to discover APIs and apply transformations makes Gloo particularly suitable for an environment with diverse technologies — or when you're in the middle of a migration from an old legacy system to a newer stack. Gloo can discover other kinds of endpoints such as AWS Lambdas.During the last few years, polyglot programming has become the de facto standard.

Developers started to choose best of breed languages, frameworks and runtimes to write their code. Initially, it was platform as a service PaaS offerings such as Heroku, Engine Yard, Cloud Foundry and OpenShift that encouraged developers to build polyglot applications and services. Thanks to Docker, it became simpler to design, develop and deploy polyglot code as a part of the new microservices phenomenon.

Web applications built with contemporary JavaScript frameworks such as AngularJS and Bootstrap; native mobile applications developed in iOS and Android; and IoT applications consume the polyglot microservices. The key enabler of this pattern is the API layer that acts as the glue connecting the services with consumers.

API has become an integral part of application design. Architects and developers are category 0 box blade significant time in designing the API tier. Netflix — one of the early adopters of polyglot services and APIs — shared some of the advantages of implementing an API layer in their services architecture. Chris Richardson, the founder of the original Cloud Foundry and an expert in microservices, articulated the importance of API Gateway pattern.

According to Chris, not only does the API gateway optimize communication between clients and the application, but it also encapsulates the details of the microservices.

Before implementing an API gateway :. After implementing an API gateway :. Even before microservices and IoT, API lifecycle management has become an important part of application management. One of the recent entrants in this field is Mashape, which introduced Kongan open source API management platform. Public cloud service providers have started exposing API Gateway as a service. But this is a V1 service, and Amazon has the tradition of shipping an MVP and making it better with every iteration.

Personally, I am not worried about the vendor lock-in of APIs because they can be implemented on other platforms without much disruption to the clients. Finally, if you are developing a microservices application based on Lambda, API Gateway becomes the custodian of your services.

Instead of launching EC2 instances, installing and configuring gateway software, developers can hit the ground running with API Gateway. API management layer is very similar to web workloads. API Gateway is elastic which can scale-out and scale-in dynamically without manual configuration.

Developers can point and click to implement an API gateway for their existing backends in minutes. Amazon is heading towards creating a serverless backend infrastructure. AWS Lambda is a big leap in that direction. Developers can create independent, stateless, autonomous code snippets that will be orchestrated at runtime.

Developers can bring their code and data to AWS and configure the entire stack without ever spinning up VMs. This integration enables a true NoOps platform. Through this developers can authorize access to their APIs. It is also possible to generate custom API keys that are shared with the clients that need direct invocation. This layer becomes a unified frontend for all the inbound API calls.Using API Gateways is a common design pattern with microservice architectures.

API Gateways allow you to abstract the underlying implementation of the microservices. Microservices based systems typically have a large number of independent services. One challenge in such systems is how external clients interact with the services. If external clients interact directly with each microservices, we will soon end up with a mesh of interaction points. This is nothing but setting up the system for failure. The client has to be aware of each microservices location.

It is obvious that we cannot have such a tight coupling between client and microservices. We have to hide the services layer from the client and in steps the API Gateway pattern. The API Gateway is primarily responsible for request routing. The Gateway intercepts all requests from clients. It then routes the requests to the appropriate microservice. There are several API Gateway implementations. In this post, I will explain how to perform request routing with the Netflix Zuul Gateway.

This is how the application looks in the Projects window of IntelliJ. You can find the project structure in the accompanied source code of this post on Github. Next, we will refactor the ApigatewayServiceApplication main class to enable Zuul. Next, we will write the application. The zuul. It specifies that if the URL contains messagethe request should be routed to the application running on port It is a simple service with a single controller GET endpoint that returns a message.

Next, in the application. This file defines two properties: the server. In the Terminal window type the following command: mvn clean package. You can see that the Terminal window displays that the Microservices Pattern and its sub-modules are successfully built and packaged.

Now, to test routing, we will use Postman. Another common use of API Gateway is load balancing between backend services. It is a common pattern to move shared and common functionalities from the backend services to the API Gateway. An example is the validation of authentication token, such as JWT token. API Gateway is also used to manage service releases, such as a Canary release.

It is the responsibility of the API Gateway to gradually redirect requests to a newer version of a service until the newer version is ascertained to be stable. You can find the source code of this post on Github. Your email address will not be published. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment.

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed. What happens: If the location of one Microservice changes? To the client if one new Microservice is added?By using these ideas, and related ones like single-page applications, such architectures remove much of the need for a traditional always-on server component.

Serverless architectures may benefit from significantly reduced operational cost, complexity, and engineering lead time, at a cost of increased reliance on vendor dependencies and comparatively immature supporting services. Mike Roberts is a partner, and co-founder, of Symphonia - a consultancy specializing in Cloud Architecture and the impact it has on companies and teams. He sees Serverless as the next evolution of cloud systems and as such is excited about its ability to help teams, and their customers, be awesome.

Serverless computingor more simply Serverlessis a hot topic in the software architecture world. In this article I hope to enlighten you a little on these questions. For starters, it encompasses two different but overlapping areas:. BaaS and FaaS are related in their operational attributes e. There is similar linking of the two areas from smaller companies too. Auth0 started with a BaaS product that implemented many facets of user management, and subsequently created the companion FaaS service Webtask.

The company have taken this idea even further with Extendwhich enables other SaaS and BaaS companies to easily add a FaaS capability to existing products so they can create a unified Serverless product. A good example is a typical ecommerce app—dare I say an online pet store? Traditionally, the architecture will look something like the diagram below. With this architecture the client can be relatively unintelligent, with much of the logic in the system—authentication, page navigation, searching, transactions—implemented by the server application.

This is a massively simplified view, but even here we see a number of significant changes:. If we choose to use AWS Lambda as our FaaS platform we can port the search code from the original Pet Store server to the new Pet Store Search function without a complete rewrite, since Lambda supports Java and Javascript—our original implementation languages.

Stepping back a little, this example demonstrates another very important point about Serverless architectures. In the original version, all flow, control, and security was managed by the central server application.

In the Serverless version there is no central arbiter of these concerns. Instead we see a preference for choreography over orchestrationwith each component playing a more architecturally aware role—an idea also common in a microservices approach. There are many benefits to such an approach. Of course, such a design is a trade-off: it requires better distributed monitoring more on this laterand we rely more significantly on the security capabilities of the underlying platform.

More fundamentally, there are a greater number of moving pieces to get our heads around than there are with the monolithic application we had originally. Whether the benefits of flexibility and cost are worth the added complexity of multiple backend components is very context dependent.

Think about an online advertisement system: when a user clicks on an ad you want to very quickly redirect them to the target of that ad.

At the same time, you need to collect the fact that the click has happened so that you can charge the advertiser. This example is not hypothetical—my former team at Intent Media had exactly this need, which they implemented in a Serverless way. Traditionally, the architecture may look as below.

Api Gateway is very useful in case of writing API only if you are sure that your APIs are fast and will bring the response in quick time. enerbiom.eu › amazon-api-gateway-with-spring-boot-tricks-and-hacks Amazon API Gateway is an AWS service for creating, publishing, maintaining, monitoring, and securing Wasmo nin iyo naa, WebSocket APIs,HTTP API and.

I have a SpringBoot API and I want to make it secure. I wonder if I can just use the API gateway as a proxy and implement authentication. This project provides a library for building an API Gateway on top of Spring WebFlux. Spring Cloud Gateway aims to provide a simple, yet effective way to. Top 10 API Security Threats Every API Team Should Know.

As more and more data is exposed via APIs either as API-first companies or for the explosion of. Access via Zuul Reverse Proxy. After that, we created a Spring Boot Application with a main method. It provides flexibility in choosing multiple backend technologies such as AWS Lambda functions, AWS Step Functions state machines, or call HTTP.

This guide compares Kong, Tyk, AWS Gateway, Apigee, and other alternatives. Whether your publishing a public API or building a new. In this article, we'll explore the main features of the Spring Cloud Gateway project, a new API based on Spring 5, Spring Boot 2 and Project. Now go to your AWS Lambda you should see our API deployed: And in API Gateway you can see: Kong API Gateway and Spring Boot Microservices Context Direct.

One obvious point, an API gateway should be designed to meet its requirements, which may or may not be high scalability:) Greg • 3 years ago. AWS ELB, HAProxy. InMicrosoft acquired a Washington DC-based startup called Apiphany When compared to enterprise API management platforms, the AWS. AWS Experience, specifically: AWS Lambda CodeBuild / CodeDeploy Spring / Spring Boot; AWS Experience: ECS / ECS Fargate or Amazon API Gateway.

The gRPC server runs on localhost You can run API Gateway microservice, product-gateway, as Spring Boot application by running. Also, add the maven shade plugin to build a shaded jar for the Spring boot application that we shall build. Spring boot is a java based open source framework which lets you to create AWS Lambda provides a serverless computing service which executes your code. The major usage of API Gateway is routing the request from the client to the appropriate server or microservice.

Particularly, API Gateway hides.

Serverless Architectures

Generate AWS SDK for the specific API Gateway definition – the most sufficient way recommended by Amazon. Generate HTTP client from OpenAPI or Swagger. "AWS Integration" is the top reason why over 35 developers like Amazon API Gateway, while over 5 developers mention "Load blancing" as the leading cause for.